MeatAxe  2.4
Programs for working with modular representations
Polynomials

Detailed Description

The MeatAxe can work with polynomials over a finite field. A polynomial is represented by a Poly_t structure. Each polynomial carries the field order, i.e., you can work with polynomials over different fields on one program. However, this feature is currently of little use since all standard operations only work on polynomials over the same field, and there is no easy way to identify polynomials over a field and its subfields.

There is a second representation of polynomials as product of factors, see FPoly_t.

Data Structures

struct  factor_t
 Internal representation of a factor. More...
 
class  FPoly_t
 A Factored Polynomial. More...
 
class  Poly_t
 A polynomial over a finite field. More...
 

Functions

FPoly_tFactorization (const Poly_t *pol)
 Factor a polynomial. More...
 
int FpIsValid (const FPoly_t *p)
 Check a factored polynomial. More...
 
FPoly_tFpAlloc ()
 Allocate a factored polynomial. More...
 
int FpFree (FPoly_t *x)
 Free a factored polynomial. More...
 
FPoly_tFpDup (const FPoly_t *src)
 Duplicate a factored polynomial. More...
 
FPoly_tFpMulP (FPoly_t *dest, const Poly_t *src, int pwr)
 Multiply with an irreducible polynomial. More...
 
FPoly_tFpMul (FPoly_t *dest, const FPoly_t *src)
 Multiply factored polynomials. More...
 
int FpPrint (const char *name, const FPoly_t *p)
 Print a factored polynomial. More...
 
int PolIsValid (const Poly_t *p)
 Check a polynomial. More...
 
Poly_tPolAlloc (int fl, int n)
 Allocate a polynomial This function creates the polynomial p(x)=x^n over the current field. More...
 
int PolFree (Poly_t *x)
 Free a polynomial This function frees a polynomial data structure and cleans up all internal data. More...
 
void Pol_Normalize (Poly_t *p)
 Normalize a polynomial. More...
 
Poly_tPolDerive (Poly_t *pol)
 Derive a polynomial. More...
 
Poly_tPolDivMod (Poly_t *a, const Poly_t *b)
 Polynomial division. More...
 
Poly_tPolMod (Poly_t *a, const Poly_t *b)
 Polynomial division. More...
 
Poly_tPolDup (const Poly_t *p)
 Duplicate a polynomial. More...
 
Poly_tPolGcd (const Poly_t *a, const Poly_t *b)
 Greatest common divisor of two polynomials. More...
 
int PolGcdEx (const Poly_t *a, const Poly_t *b, Poly_t **result)
 Greatest common divisor of two polynomials. More...
 
Poly_tPolMul (Poly_t *dest, const Poly_t *src)
 Multiply polynomials. More...
 
void PolPrint (char *name, const Poly_t *p)
 Print a polynomial This function prints a polynomial on the standard output in a human-readable form. More...
 
Poly_tPolRead (FILE *f)
 Read a polynomial from a file. More...
 
Poly_tPolLoad (const char *fn)
 Read a Polynomial from a File. More...
 
int PolWrite (const Poly_t *p, FILE *f)
 Write a polynomial to a file. More...
 
int PolSave (const Poly_t *pol, const char *fn)
 Write a polynomial to a File. More...
 

Function Documentation

FPoly_t* Factorization ( const Poly_t pol)

Factor a polynomial.

This function decomposes a polynomial into irreducible factors using the Berlekamp algorithm.

Parameters
polPolynomial to factor.
Returns
The factorization of pol or 0 on error.
FPoly_t* FpAlloc ( )

Allocate a factored polynomial.

This function creates a new Fpoly_t structure. The new polynomial is empty, i.e., it has no factors.

Returns
Pointer to the new FPoly_t structure or 0 on error.
FPoly_t* FpDup ( const FPoly_t src)

Duplicate a factored polynomial.

This function creates a copy of a factored polynomial.

Parameters
srcPointer to a factored polynomial.
Returns
A pointer to a copy of src, or 0 on error.
int FpFree ( FPoly_t x)

Free a factored polynomial.

Returns
0 on success, -1 on error.
See also
FPoly_t FpAlloc
int FpIsValid ( const FPoly_t p)

Check a factored polynomial.

Parameters
pThe polynomial.
Returns
1 if p is a valid factored polynomial, 0 otherwise.
FPoly_t* FpMul ( FPoly_t dest,
const FPoly_t src 
)

Multiply factored polynomials.

Multiplies dest by src. The previous content of dest is lost.

See also
FpMulP()
Parameters
destFactored polynomial to modify.
srcFactored polynomial.
Returns
The function returns |dest| or |NULL| on error.
FPoly_t* FpMulP ( FPoly_t dest,
const Poly_t src,
int  pwr 
)

Multiply with an irreducible polynomial.

This function multiplies a factored polynomial with the power of an an irreducible factor. It is not checked that src is irreducible.

See also
FpMul()
Parameters
destFactored polynomial to modify.
srcIrreducible polynomial.
pwrPower of the irreducible polynomial.
Returns
The function returns dest or 0 on error.
int FpPrint ( const char *  name,
const FPoly_t p 
)

Print a factored polynomial.

This function prints a factored polynomial to the standard output. If name is not 0, "name=" is printed before the polynomial.

Parameters
nameName of the polynomial or 0.
pPointer to the factored polynomial.
Returns
0 on success, -1 on error.
void Pol_Normalize ( Poly_t p)

Normalize a polynomial.

This function makes sure that the leading coefficient of a polynomial is non-zero.

Poly_t* PolAlloc ( int  fl,
int  n 
)

Allocate a polynomial This function creates the polynomial p(x)=x^n over the current field.

If n is negative, a zero polynomial is created. The return value is a pointer to a newly allocated Poly_t structure. The caller is responsible for releasing memory by calling PolFree() when the polynomial is no longer needed.

Parameters
flField order.
nDegree of the polynomial.
Returns
Pointer to a new Poly_t structure or 0 on error.
Poly_t* PolDerive ( Poly_t pol)

Derive a polynomial.

This function derives a polynomial. Note that the derived polynomial is stored in pol, replacing the original polynomial. The following piece of code shows how to keep the original polynomial intact while calculating the derivative:

1 Poly_t *pol, *der;
2 ...
3 der = PolDerive(PolDup(pol));
Parameters
polPointer to the polynomial.
Returns
pol.
Poly_t* PolDivMod ( Poly_t a,
const Poly_t b 
)

Polynomial division.

This function performs a polynomial division. Given two polynomials a and b≠0 over the same field, PolDivMod() finds two polynomials q and r such that a=qb+r, and deg(r)<deg(b).

The quotient q is returned as the function result. This is a newly allocated polynomial. The caller is responsible for deleting the quotient when it no longer needed.

The remainder r, is stored in a and replaces the original value. If you need to preserve the value of a you must make a copy using PolDup() before calling PolDivMod(). b is not changed.

See also
PolMod()
Parameters
aFirst polynomial (numerator) on call, remainder on return.
bSecond polynomial (denominator).
Returns
The quotient or 0 on error.
Poly_t* PolDup ( const Poly_t p)

Duplicate a polynomial.

This function creates a copy of an existing polynomial.

Parameters
pPointer to the polynomial.
Returns
A copy of p or 0 on error.
See also
PolAlloc
int PolFree ( Poly_t x)

Free a polynomial This function frees a polynomial data structure and cleans up all internal data.

Parameters
xPointer to the polynomial.
Returns
$0$ on success, $-1$ on error.
Poly_t* PolGcd ( const Poly_t a,
const Poly_t b 
)

Greatest common divisor of two polynomials.

This function calculates the gratest common divisor of two poynomials. The polynomials must be over the same field, and at least one of them must be different from zero. Unlike most polynomial functions, PolGcd() normalizes the result, i.e., the leading coefficient of the g.c.d., is always one.

See also
PolGcdEx()
Parameters
aFirst polynomial.
bSecond polynomial.
Returns
Greatest common divisor of a and b, 0 on error.
int PolGcdEx ( const Poly_t a,
const Poly_t b,
Poly_t **  result 
)

Greatest common divisor of two polynomials.

Given two polynomials a and b, this function calculates the greatest common divisor g=gcd(a,b) and two polynomials p, q such that g=pa+qb. Both a and b must be nonzero. The leading coefficient of g is always one.

result must be a pointer to an array of three Poly_t * elements. If the function is successful, pointers to g, p, and q have been stored in result[0], result[1], and result[2], respectively. The caller is responsible for destroying these polynomials when they are no longer needed. In particular, you must not use the same |result| buffer again with PolGcdEx() before the contents have been freed.

See also
PolGcd()
Parameters
aFirst polynomial.
bSecond polynomial.
resultResult buffer for the g.c.d. and coefficients (see below).
Returns
0 on sucess, -1 on error.
int PolIsValid ( const Poly_t p)

Check a polynomial.

This function checks if the argument is a pointer to a valid polynomial. If the polynomial the function returns 1. Otherwise, an error is signalled and, if the error handler does not terminate the program, the function returns 0.

Parameters
pThe polynomial to check.
Returns
1 if p points to a valid polynomial, 0 otherwise.
Poly_t* PolLoad ( const char *  fn)

Read a Polynomial from a File.

This function opens a file, reads a single polynomial, and closes the file. The return value is a pointer to the polynomial or NULL on error. If the file contains more than one polynomial, only the first one is read.

If a polynomial was successfully read, the function returns a pointer to a newly created Poly_t object. The caller is responsible for deleting this object as soon as it no longer needed.

See also
PolRead()
Parameters
fnFile name.
Returns
Pointer to the polynomial read from the file, or 0 on error.
Poly_t* PolMod ( Poly_t a,
const Poly_t b 
)

Polynomial division.

This function replaces a with the remainder of the division of a by b.

See also
PolDivMod()
Parameters
aFirst polynomial (numerator) on call, remainder on return.
bSecond polynomial (denominator).
Returns
a or 0 on error.
Poly_t* PolMul ( Poly_t dest,
const Poly_t src 
)

Multiply polynomials.

This function multiplies dest by src and returns dest. The polynomials must be over the same field.

Parameters
destPointer to the first polynomial.
srcPointer to the second polynomial.
Returns
dest, or 0 on error.
void PolPrint ( char *  name,
const Poly_t p 
)

Print a polynomial This function prints a polynomial on the standard output in a human-readable form.

If name is not 0, the name followed by an equal sign is printed before the polynomial. For example, the statement PolPrint("P",P) could produce the following output:

P=3x^2+x+1
Parameters
nameName to print before the polynomial or 0.
pPointer to the polynomial.
Returns
0 on success, -1 on error.
Poly_t* PolRead ( FILE *  f)

Read a polynomial from a file.

This function reads a polynomial from a file. If successful, the return value is a pointer to a new Poly_t object. The caller is responsible for deleting this polynomial with PolFree() when it is no longer needed.

See also
PolLoad()
Parameters
fFile to read from.
Returns
Pointer to the polynomial, or 0 on error.
int PolSave ( const Poly_t pol,
const char *  fn 
)

Write a polynomial to a File.

This function creates a file, writes a single polynomial to the file and closes the file. If a f ile with the specified name already exists, it's contents are destroyed.

See also
PolWrite
Parameters
polPolynomial to write.
fnFile name.
Returns
0 on success, -1 on error.
int PolWrite ( const Poly_t p,
FILE *  f 
)

Write a polynomial to a file.

See also
PolSave()
Parameters
pPointer to the polynomial.
fFile to write to.
Returns
0 on success, -1 on error.

MeatAxe 2.4 documentation, generated on Wed Jan 7 2015 08:38:37